What is anorexia nervosa?

Anorexia nervosa is a serious eating disorder that reduces appetite significantly. A patient with anorexia nervosa has a distorted body image and an exaggerated fear of becoming overweight or obese, so they usually refuse to take any kind of food. Anorexia nervosa is not only a physical disease, but also a mental disease.

Anorexia should not be confused with anorexia nervosa. Anorexia is a general loss of appetite, or a loss of interest in food. Anorexia nervosa is a serious mental illness.

anorexia nervosa defination

What causes anorexia nervosa?

Generally speaking, anorexia nervosa do not have a single cause, it is the result of complicated biological, environmental and psychological factors.The following risk factors are considered to be several main cause of anorexia nervosa:

  • Being excessively worried, doubtful and scared about the future
  • Being overly worried about one’s weight and shape
  • Having a tendency towards depression
  • Being overly obsessed with rules
  • Having eating problems during early childhood or infancy
  • Having a negative self image
  • Holding specific cultural/social ideas regarding beauty and health
  • Having had an anxiety disorder during childhood

How to treat anorexia nervosa?

Considering the cause of anorexia nervosa, the treatment should consist of a combination of medication, psychotherapy, family therapy and nutrition counseling. And it is not exactly the same to different people. If you or your friend or family member have anorexia nervosa, the thing you need to do is to go to the hospital. Doctors will make a full treatment plan based on your personal situation.