Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is one of the most common nerve entrapment syndrome. It is a disease of hand and wrist. CTS is more common in women than it is in men, and has a peak incidence around age 50. Here we introduce Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment in detail.

Symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Common symptoms of Carpal tunnel syndrome are as below.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Causes

  • Continued use of the affected wrist may increase tendon inflammation, compression, and neural ischemia, causing a decrease in wrist function.
  • Numbness in the affected area and tingling in fingers, thumb and hand.
  • Pain radiating from wrist to shoulder and front side of your forearm is primarily affected.
  • Untreated, carpal tunnel syndrome can produce permanent nerve damage with loss of movement and sensation.
  • Weakness in the affected area.
  • When a patient drives a vehicle and holds anything, numbness like sensation may be occurred.

Causes of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal tunnel syndrome is caused pressure on the median nerve caused by the narrowing of the carpal tunnel. The narrowing can be caused by many factors including:

  • Hereditary narrow carpal tunnel
  • Swelling of tissue in carpal tunnel due to injury or fluid changes in the body
  • Tumors (not very frequent).

Treatment of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Initial treatment generally involves resting the affected hand and wrist for at least 2 weeks, avoiding activities that may worsen symptoms, and immobilizing the wrist in a splint to prevent further damage from twisting or bend. Treatments can be generally divided into basic categories.

  • Home treatment, such as changing or avoiding activities that may be causing symptoms and wearing a wrist splint.
  • Medicines, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to relieve pain and reduce inflammation. In some cases, oral corticosteroids or corticosteroid injections into the carpal tunnel may be considered.
  • Physical therapy. This includes ultrasound, stretching, and range-of-motion exercises. In some clinics, these therapies may be made by an occupational therapist.
  • Surgery. Surgery is sometimes recommended when other treatments haven’t helped, if you’ve had carpal tunnel syndrome for a long time, or if there is nerve damage or the risk of nerve damage.