Blighted Ovum Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

A blighted ovum occurs when a gestational sac develops without an embryo. Usually it is because of chromosomal abnormalities in the fertilized egg. Here we introduce Blighted Ovum Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment in detail.

What are the causes of a blighted ovum?

According to a research, more than two-thirds of women with blighted ovum disorder had abnormal chromosomes. In many cases, the eggs or embryos had an extra chromosome, rather than the 46 we are ally meant to have, or were missing a chromosome. Miscarriages from a blighted ovum are often due to problems with chromosomes, the structures that carry genes. This may be from a poor-quality sperm or egg. Or, it may occur due to abnormal cell division. Regardless, your body stops the pregnancy because it recognizes this abnormality.

Diagnosis of Blighted Ovum

Blighted ovum can be diagnosed as early as the 6th week by ultrasonic scan because the early developing fetus will not be visible. By the 7th week the ultrasonic scan will fail. If the theories about a blighted ovum are correct, then once it has been diagnosed, the father should be examined and any abnormality in his seminal analysis corrected. However, it is an unfortunate fact that some couples are des-tined to produce more than their fair share of blighted ova when no abnormality can be found in either parmer. In such instances there is no constructive treatment to prevent a recurrence in a subsequent pregnancy. Only rather thankless reassurance can be given that sooner or later a nor-mal pregnancy is bound to occur and that, when it does, it will continue normally into the production of a normal infant.

Symptoms of Blighted Ovum

  • Heavy bleeding, similar to your period (some bleeding can be normal early in pregnancy, but heavy bleeding is worth a trip to see your healthcare practitioner)
  • Severe cramping (this can also point to other pregnancy complications, including an ectopic pregnancy, so make sure to get checked out)
  • An ultrasound at 7 weeks gestation showing an amniotic sac but no embryo

Treatment of Blighted Ovum

If your doctor diagnoses blighted ovum, he will likely take a couple of treatment options:

  • Medication or surgery. Sometimes the hormones that an implanted embryo are producing also cause the uterus to keep sustaining that embryo, even if it’s not developing. In these cases, healthcare practitioners recommend either a pill called Cytotec, which helps spur the uterus to clear it contents, or a dilation and curettage, a brief surgical procedure that helps empty the uterus.
  • Expectant management. Even if your blighted ovum is diagnosed with an ultrasound, and your body is still acting like it’s pregnant, doctors will often recommend waiting a few days or weeks to see whether your body passes the anembryonic pregnancy naturally.