Bartholin Gland Cyst Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

The Bartholin’s gland is a tiny organ on each of the labia (vaginal lips), near the opening of the vagina.  Bartholin Gland Cyst is a women’s small area where swollen fluid-filled lump that moistens the outer genital area, or vulva develops from a blockage of one of the Bartholin’s glands. The Bartholin’s gland can become blocked for a variety of reasons, such as infection, inflammation or long-term irritation. Here we introduce Bartholin Gland Cyst Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment below.

Symptoms of Bartholin Gland Cyst

Bartholin gland cyst that is not infected. Symptoms may include:

  • A painless lump in the vulva area. It is possible, though unlikely, for both glands to develop cysts at the same time.
  • Redness or swelling in the vulva area. A Bartholin gland cyst can swell from 0.25 in. (0.64 cm) up to 3 in. (7.62 cm).
  • Discomfort when walking.

Infected Bartholin gland cyst (abscess). Symptoms may include:

  • Fever and chills.
  • Swelling in the vulva area over a 2- to 4-day period.
  • Drainage from the cyst. 2 Drainage may occur 4 to 5 days after the swelling

What causes a Bartholin gland cyst?

Things like an infection, thick mucus, or swelling can block a Bartholin gland duct and cause a cyst. The cyst can get bigger after sex, because the glands make more fluid during sex.

Infected Bartholin cysts are sometimes caused by sexually transmitted infections (STIs). You can lower your risk of STIs by using a condom when you have sex.

How to diagnose Bartholin gland cysts

You may find a Bartholin gland cyst on your own, or your doctor may notice it during a physical exam. Unless it is causing symptoms, you may not know you have one.

An abscess is diagnosed based on signs of infection, such as fever or swelling, and pain in the vulva area.

In some cases, especially if you are older, your doctor may remove the cyst to make sure that it isn’t cancer or another problem.

Treatment of Bartholin Gland Cyst

  • Home treatment of Bartholin’s cysts and abscesses involves sitz baths, which promote drainage. Special sitz bath basins are available, but the simplest method is to sit in the bathtub in a few inches of warm water.
  • Medical Treatment is also worlable. For a small Bartholin’s cyst that is not too painful, treatment consists of sitz baths with follow-up if the cyst enlarges or becomes painful. Especially with recurrent cysts treatment with antibiotics and sitz baths to cool off the infection is sometimes done. If this clears up the infection, a surgical procedure called a marsupialization can be done later.
  • If the problem is serious and you can not control it by medicine, then we suggest you to come to hospital and have surgery.